A Real Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Waterwork in Cosmedin

Amazing discoveries of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was built in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. It was said that there was very little to see in this area, as it was bleak and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. cs_145_aged_stone_1__87810.jpg The work of laying down the church’s first stones began on August 17, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

Pick from Many Exterior Wall Fountain Designs

If you want to create a place to relax as well as add some pizzazz to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are ideal because they do not occupy much space. When looking at the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, vintage, contemporary, or Asian, you are certain to find one most suitable to your design ideas. While there are innumerable prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a custom-built fountain if none of these are appealing to you.

Mounted and free-standing fountains are obtainable on the market. You can hang a mounted wall fountain because they are small and self-contained. Ordinarily made of resin (to look like stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Floor fountains are freestanding, sizable, and also have a basin on the floor as well as a flat side against the wall. Typically made of cast stone, these water features have no weight restrictions.

Custom-made fountains which can be incorporated into a new or existing wall are often recommended by landscaping designers. The basin and all the necessary plumbing are best installed by a trained mason. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be integrated into the wall. The cohesive look provided by customized wall fountains make them appear to be part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.

A Back Story of Wall Fountains

During his reign (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the intellectual Pope Nicholas V commissioned countless of translations of old Greek classics into Latin. He also undertook the beautification of the city to make it into the true seat of the Christian world. The damaged Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water in the into the capital city from countless miles away was restored beginning in 1453 at his behest. Nicholas V also revived the Roman convention of installing lavish fountains, referred to as mostras, to mark the end point of the aqueduct. The fascinating background of the Trevi Fountain date back to an older fountain he had commissioned to the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The aqueduct he had refurbished included changes and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply the necessary water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

Design Ideas for Backyard Fountains

Gardens are great places to pause from the day-to-day drudgery and get some fresh air and appreciate nature. If you are planning to spend a lot of time in yours, it is worth the effort it takes to do it properly. Investing in a gorgeous garden is good, as it will enhance the “curb appeal” and value of your home. Experts advise adding flowers or trees, a pavement, a beautiful water feature, or unique statues to enhance the overall look of your property.

A water fountain can make a significant difference to the beauty and tranquility of your garden. It will transform a plain area into a gorgeous place of peaceful tranquility. You are not the only one who will love the serenity the sounds of the water create; you might also notice an increase in the number of birds and other friendly creatures visiting. The rest of the garden will instantly become just background to the lovely new fountain.

Where did Large Garden Fountains Originate from?

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring.

Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move down or jet high into the air. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the artist who created it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to decorate their fountains. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. The creation of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

Early Water Supply Solutions in Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, commenced supplying the many people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had counted on natural springs up until then. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at raised elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to utilize the water that ran below ground through Acqua Vergine to supply drinking water to Pincian Hill.

Throughout the time of its original building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were situated at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. During the roughly 9 years he possessed the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi utilized these manholes to take water from the channel in containers, though they were previously designed for the objective of maintaining and servicing the aqueduct. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to fulfill his needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat directly below his residence, and he had a shaft established to give him accessibility.


Original Water Delivery Solutions in Rome
Previous to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Roma, inhabitants who lived on hillsides had to journey even further down to collect their water from natural sources. If residents living at higher... read more
Modern Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Roots
Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains. read more
The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens
The advent of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century greatly transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at... read more
The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. However, there was no... read more