Anglo Saxon Landscapes During the Norman Conquest

The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. wwmhs-cv__80673.jpg But yet there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole region. Castles were more standard constructions and often erected on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, commonly located in the widest, most fruitful hollows. The tranquil method of gardening was unrealistic in these dismal bastions. The finest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A massive terrace serves as a deterrent to intruders who would try to mine the walls of the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and enclosed by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Enliven Your Daily Life with a Water Feature

Having a fountain around can improve your everyday life as the soothing sound of the water provides a sense of tranquility, and the movement of the water serves to clean and moisten the air.

You might not even be aware of the extent to which a water fountain, whether inside or outside, will enhance your daily life. People around the world are compelled to go to coastal cities and big bodies of water, most likely influenced by the fact that our bodies have a high water content. While you could invest in an extravagant beach house or jump in the ocean every day to experience the benefits of water, getting a water feature is much easier and more affordable!

The addition of an outdoor garden fountain to any patio, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space. However lovely it already is, your site will be even more gorgeous if you add an outdoor water feature from the wide variety available.

A wonderful idea is to put one on the wall of your screened porch, or perhaps outside as part of your outdoor decor. Add charm and the lovely music of babbling water to your flower bed with a tiered model. The flow of the water in birdbath fountains, as compared to unmoving water, signifies that bacteria and algae will not accumulate in the water, making for cleaner water for wild birds. Perfect your garden area with the peaceful sound of flowing water.

Stand-Alone Water Elements: Are They Practical?

People love self-contained fountains for their simple installation and low price. The plumbing, pump, and other parts come with the fountain. There is another use for the term “self-contained”, a reference to a fountain that has its own water repository.

If you are looking for an easy-to-install water fountain for a veranda or deck, a self-contained model is definitely for you. Their versatility is also a plus, as they are very simple to move around.

The first matter the landscaper will need to find out is whether or not the land is level. Any lumps can simply be leveled by your landscaper. The moment has come to position your water feature in place and fill it with water. The remaining step is to plug it into an outlet, a solar panel, or batteries.

Anyone who does not have easy access to a wellspring or external plumbing should think about a self-contained fountain.

Many fountain owners want them to be the focal point of their yards and position them right in the middle, although they can certainly go anywhere in the garden. There are a number of materials that can be used to make them including cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

Early Water Supply Solutions in Rome

With the manufacturing of the very first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely only on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the other existing systems of the time, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill via the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. During the length of the aqueduct’s passage were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. The manholes made it easier to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we observed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he operated the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. Despite the fact that the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it didn’t supply enough water. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

The History of Fountains

As the leader of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to mandate translations of important texts from their original Greek into Latin. Making the city into the deserving capital of the Christian community was important to him, so he also took steps to embellish it. Starting in 1453, the ruined Aqua Vergine, an historical Roman aqueduct which had brought clean drinking water into the city from many miles away, underwent repair at the behest of the Pope.

Nicholas V also reinstated the Roman custom of installing grand fountains, referred to as mostras, to mark the end point of the aqueduct. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space previously filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by him. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually enabled it to supply the necessary water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

The Prevalence of Fountains in Japanese Gardens

A water element is an absolutely vital part of any Japanese garden. You will often see Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are regarded as symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing. It is unusual to see extravagantly-designed Japanese fountains because the emphasis is supposed to be on the water itself.

Moreover, water fountains with bamboo spouts are very popular. The basin, which tends to be fashioned of stones, collects the water as it trickles down from the bamboo spout. It should have a worn-down, weathered feel as well.

It is important that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural setting, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. Clearly this fountain is much more than just a nice add-on.

An alternate approach is to find a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. Over the years it begins to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss grows over the stone.

More substantial water features can be developed if there is enough open land. Give some thought to adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

Water, nevertheless, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Many people prefer to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in real water. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly together can be used to give the illusion of moving water.


The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping
The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The skill of the Normans exceeded the... read more
The Many Types of Outdoor Fountains
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What You Will Need for an Outdoor Fountain
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The Transforming Advantages of Fountains
The installation of an outdoor garden fountain to any porch, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space. However lovely it already is, your space will be even more beautiful if you add an outdoor water feature... read more