The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. or-152r__92400.jpg But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the population. Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were massive stone structures built in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on understanding offensive and defensive practices. Relaxing pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. Berkeley Castle is probably the most complete model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. As a technique of deterring attackers from tunneling under the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a stylish bowling green: it is coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

Keep Your Outdoor Garden Fountain Tidy

Appropriate care and regular maintenance are important to the longevity of water fountains. Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is important to keep yours free from such debris. Also, algae is likely to build up wherever natural light meets water. Mix hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular issue. There are those who choose to use bleach, but that is harmful to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should go through a good cleaning. Before cleaning, all of the water must be taken out. When you have done this, scrub inside the water reservoir with a mild detergent. If there are any small grooves, work with a toothbrush to reach every spot. Do not leave any soap deposits inside or on the fountain.

Calcium and fresh water organisms can get inside the pump, so you should really disassemble it to get it truly clean. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it much less difficult to scrub. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain ingredients that will build up inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working order is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Permitting the water level to get too low can result in damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!

Tips for Installing a Garden Water Element

When considering where to set up your garden fountain, do not forget that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. The practical side of setting one up is often neglected because people get so focused on the beauty of it. Most power cords are 12 feet long and require a 120v outdoor electrical outlet, though an extension cord can always be added. A practical place to get water is essential since you will need to fill your fountain. Carrying large amounts of water requires strength so you do not want to have to haul it a long distance. A nearby hose is helpful when time comes to fill the fountain. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be connected to an external water line and needs a professional to install it.

The Genesis Of Outdoor Fountains

The dramatic or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to supply potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and memorialize the artist. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. To replicate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. Fountains enjoyed a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Urban fountains created at the end of the nineteenth functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational gatherings.

A Glimpse into the Origins of Outdoor Fountains

Countless of ancient Greek documents were translated into Latin under the patronage of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. In addition, embellishing the city and making it the true capital of the Christian world was at the heart of his ambitions. The ruined Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water in the into the capital city from numerous miles away was restored beginning in 1453 at his behest. In addition, the ancient Roman custom of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also referred to as a mostra, was renewed by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was instructed by him to put up a water fountain where we now find the breath-taking Trevi Fountain. The water which ultimately supplied the Trevi Fountain, as well as the renown baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona, came from the rebuilt and modified aqueduct.

The Vast Array of Outdoor Fountains

Convert your garden into what you have always wished for – a haven of serenity. The calming feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of including a water feature in your garden.

The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. It is doable to have one of these installed into an existing, large pond. You can find these in public recreational areas or old mansions.

Outdoor water features are available in a variety of forms, one of which is a chic wall fountain. These types of fountains make great water features even if you only have a small garden. Wall fountains are not flamboyant water features as compared to a spouting fountain. It is simple undertaking wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Dependent on the look you have chosen for the garden, you could contemplate a themed fountain. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. think about installing something bolder and distinctive for a modern-day garden. Feel free to let your hair down and go with something interesting and intrepid.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water moves down multiple levels. Water flows down numerous tiers in a cascading fountain.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of room, put up a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. Install one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight underground.

Add a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of relaxation. The water flows through bamboo sticks in this kind of water feature.

A rustic bucket or shaped stone is placed at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

Glass fountains make up another category of fountain. Trellis-style fountains of this kind, highlight molded metalwork which provides a more conventional look. However, this type of water feature is better suited to backyard gardens with many sharp corners as well as contemporary forms and design. As the water moves over the surface of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. Some fountains also include colorful LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water flows downwards. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain makes for an interesting façade as the water gently trickles downwards.

Bubbling rock fountains are big rocks drilled with holes which are then filled with pipes in the center. In this kind of fountain, water is driven upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Flowing towards the bottom of the fountain, the water returns as a slow dribble down the sides of the rock. This is yet another solution for gardens with restricted space. Water is moved at low pressure in this type of fountain, so you can rest assured that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electric bills, and the positive effects they have on our environment. It is not necessary to choose a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide variety of styles available on the market.


Things You Will Need for a Garden Water Fountain
A water source and an electrical socket are two essential items that many people do not take into account when determining where they want to put in their garden fountain. The practical side of setting one up is often overlooked because people get... read more
Ways a Water Element Can Make Your Life Better
Enhance any outdoor area by adding a gorgeous outdoor garden fountain. You might be surprised how your beautiful outdoor space can be even more attractive with one of the many outdoor water features on the... read more
How to Incorporate the Benefits of Feng Shui to Your Backyard
A water feature is a suitable addition to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life). read more