A True Roman Showpiece: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a treasure trove of pagan and Christian artifacts on the site of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The celebrated marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was relatively unknown and situated far from sight making it hard to visit. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a drab and desolate part of the city. As part of an effort to revitalize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. or-133__06258.jpg August 11, 1717 saw the start of the job to put down the foundation of the church. Medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

The Genesis Of Garden Fountains

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and memorialize the artist. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create smaller depictions of the gardens of paradise.

King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

What you Should Know Regarding Container Herb Gardening

Container gardening is the best way to grow herbs. The subject of herbs will in all probability be alluring to anyone who likes spending time in the kitchen or garden. Herbs provide immediate enjoyment as they can be used in any recipe, and they are very easy to grow. An herb garden is easy to maintain once it is growing, and once autumn begins to freeze, planter gardens and potted herbs can easily bemoved - so they will last all winter long. The varying growth rates of herbs make for variant harvest times. Like all hobbies, herb gardening requires a certain amount of patience. Do not expect to necessarily see results on the first or second day, but it is important to care for an herb garden with consistency as things will develop with time.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, magnificently one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were really just rooftop terraces filled with plant life. They were planned to be water-proof and placed over a big, curved stone substructure with large storage rooms underneath. The terrace soil was dense enough to easily grow trees and water from deep wells revitalized the plants through hydraulic devices. Thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary were preferred plants.

Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Challenges

Rome’s very first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, people living at higher elevations had to rely on local creeks for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people living at higher elevations turned to water pulled from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a newer system was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to supply water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made reachable by pozzi, or manholes, that were placed along its length when it was 1st developed. The manholes made it more straightforward to maintain the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we observed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away.

Though the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it couldn't provide enough water. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran beneath his property.

Spruce up Your Yard with the Use of Feng Shui

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will bring its beneficial energy into your home as well.

Do not be concerned if your garden is considered too small for feng shui design, as size is is not especially relevant. If you have a lavish, beautiful one, that is great, but even a smaller area works well with feng shui design.

Whether you are bringing feng shui design to your home or garden, the tools are the same. Since the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your home's bagua, you will need to begin by understanding the bagua of the house.

Before getting going, make sure you grasp the five elements of feng shui so that you can maximize their energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be located in the northeast part of your garden which is linked to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. This could be the optimal spot to put a meditative Zen garden with some attractive stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Southeast (money and abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life) are feng shui areas perfect for a water feature.

Factors to Consider When Putting in a Garden Water Feature

When thinking about where to install your garden fountain, do not overlook the fact that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water.

Occasionally new owners get so caught up in the romance of their new purchase that they forget critical details. If you require an extension cord to reach a 120v wall socket, feel free to use one, as typical power cords are only 12 feet long. You will also need to have a water source close by so that you can easily fill your water fountain. It is tough to move water from one spot to another. A nearby hose can make filling the fountain a lot more convenient. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be attached to an external water line and requires a skilled person to install it.


From Where Did Garden Water Fountains Begin?
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The Fascinating Origin of the Outdoor Water Fountains
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Exterior Fountains Come in Many Shapes and Sizes
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Do Pets Enjoy Outdoor Fountains?
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