Aqueducts: The Solution to Rome's Water Problems

alp_gxt698_2__93993.jpg Prior to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, inhabitants who dwelled on hills had to go further down to collect their water from natural sources. Throughout this period, there were only two other technologies capable of offering water to higher areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which amassed rainwater. Starting in the sixteenth century, a unique method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to generate water to Pincian Hill. All through the length of the aqueduct’s channel were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. The manholes made it less demanding to maintain the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. He didn’t get a sufficient quantity of water from the cistern that he had established on his residential property to obtain rainwater. To provide himself with a more efficient means to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened up, giving him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

From Where Did Landscape Fountains Originate from?

The amazing or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs in the area. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water source, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Artists thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and celebrate the designer responsible for building it. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Urban fountains built at the end of the 19th century functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational events.

Reasons to Think About Putting in a Pondless Fountain in your Garden

A second name for a disappearing fountain is a “pondless” fountain. The water flows from an underground source, hence the name. Disappearing fountains should be installed near any place people hang out frequently, as they add so much to the surrounding area. There are numerous kinds of them including millstones, ceramic urns, granite columns, and natural-looking waterfalls.

A disappearing fountain could be the most appropriate option for you for a number of reasons. The water rises from underground and does not form a large pool above ground so any risk to those around it is minimized.

That said, you will not have to worry about the well-being of your children. Moreover, no water will evaporate since it is not exposed to the open air. Consequently, your fountain will not use as much water as other types of fountains. It is really low-maintenance since it is underground and not exposed to dirt or algae. Finally, due to its smaller size, it is less difficult to fit it where you want it than other types of fountains.

The Importance of Water Fountains in Japanese Gardens

A water feature is an essential part of any Japanese garden. They tend to be put right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are regarded as being representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. Since water is meant to be the central point of a fountain, you will notice that the designs are kept very simple.

Many people also choose a water fountain that features a bamboo spout. The water flows through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin underneath. People generally make them appear weathered and worn, even when they are new. It is essential that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural environment, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. As you can likely surmise, this fountain is symbolic rather than purely decorative.

An alternate possibility is to get a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. Gradually moss begins to creep over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area starts to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

If you are blessed enough to have a big section of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Nice add-ons include a babbling creek or tiny pool with koi in it.

Water, nevertheless, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Other alternatives include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water. You can also gather flat stones and position them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

The Allure of Multi-Level Water Fountains

Fountains with multiple levels can be seen just about anywhere and have been displayed in gardens for many years. You can see a lot of these fountains in Italy, Spain, and other Southern European countries. Typical places to see them are in courtyards and city squares. While some tiered fountains have intricate designs including sculptures or artwork, others are very simple.

People love to showcase them in spots having a more traditional look and feel. The fountain should look as old as the rest of the area and fit in accordingly.

A Peek into the Roots of Outdoor Water Fountains

The Roman academic Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455) decided to have hundreds of historic Greek texts translated into Latin. Turning the city into the worthy capital of the Christian world was important to him, so he also took steps to embellish it. Beginning in 1453, the ruined Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had brought clean drinking water into the city from many miles away, underwent reconstruction at the bidding of the Pope. Nicholas V also embarked on the building of mostras, an ancient Roman tradition of putting up spectacular public fountains to indicate the terminal point of an aqueduct. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space previously filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by him. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply the necessary water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.


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