An Absolute Roman Showpiece: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The celebrated marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not often visited. Since the nearby area was depressing and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. 1258_terra_cotta__77855.jpg It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's infrastructure started on on August 11, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

What You Want to Know About Container Herb Gardening

Container gardening is the best manner to grow herbs. Anyone who is attracted to the kitchen or garden will find themselves attracted to the subject of herbs. These easy to grow, unique plants give immediate satisfaction since they can be included in everyday recipes such as soups and marinades. A couple of moments of care and attention every day is all that is necessary to maintain an herb garden once it is planted, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be easily taken indoors once the autumn nights begin to change, making it last all year long. Harvest times range for herbs as each variety will have a different rate of growth. Like any pastime, herb gardening warrants a degree of perseverance. One must attend to an herb garden consistently, even though successes might not be noticeable on the 1st, 2nd or even 3rd day.

It is a little known fact that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were merely terraced roofs full of flora. Designed to be erected over an immense stone bowed structure, the rooftops were water resistant and secured cavernous storerooms directly below. The terrace soil was solid enough to easily grow trees and water from deep wells fed the plants through hydraulic devices. Thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary were desired plants.

Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges

Previous to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Rome, inhabitants who resided on hillsides had to journey even further down to get their water from natural sources. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people living at raised elevations turned to water removed from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns.

In the early 16th century, the city began to make use of the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to provide water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Whilst these manholes were created to make it less difficult to protect the aqueduct, it was also possible to use containers to extract water from the channel, which was practiced by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to fulfill his needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat under his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

Anglo Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But nevertheless home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the general populace.

Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were often immense stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their residents devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of farming. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most unchanged model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. A massive terrace serves as a discouraging factor to intruders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

The Plusses of Disappearing Water Elements in your Garden

There are two names for this kind of fountain: “disappearing” and “pondless”. The water rises from a covered source, hence the name. An appropriate place for a disappearing fountain is anywhere that gets frequent foot traffic, as it adds lovely visual and sound effects to the environment. They come in a range of distinctive styles including waterfalls, columns made of granite, ceramic pots, and millstones.

A disappearing fountain could be the most appropriate choice for you for a number of reasons. Since the water source is underground, there is no exposed water to pose a danger to those around it. As a result, it poses no risk to children. Additionally, due to the fact that water is stored underground, none of it is lost to evaporation. As a result, your fountain will not use as much water as other styles of fountains. It is really low-maintenance since it is below ground and not exposed to debris or algae.

Last but not least, because of its small size it can fit almost anywhere you want.

Select from Many Exterior Wall Fountain Designs

If you want to have a place to relax and add some flair to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are perfect because they do not take up much space. Whatever design of outdoor wall fountain you are looking for whether it be traditional, contemporary, classic, or Asian you will certainly find the one you like most. While there are countless prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a custom-built fountain if none of these are appealing to you.

The two types of fountains available to you include mounted and freestanding models. You can hang a mounted wall fountain because they are little and self-contained. One of the most important aspects of wall fountains is that they be light, so they are typically made of fiberglass or resin to mirror the look of stone. Sizable free-standing wall fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, have their basins located on the floor and a smooth side leaning on a wall. There are no weight restrictions on these types of cast stone water features.

Custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. The basin and all the necessary plumbing are best installed by a trained mason. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be integrated into the wall. The cohesive look produced by custom-made wall fountains make them appear to be part of the landscape rather than an afterthought.


The History of Outdoor Water Fountains
During his time in control (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the erudite Pope Nicholas V authorized scores of translations of old Greek classics into Latin. Turning the city into... read more
The Broad Range of Wall Water Fountains
It is possible to incorporate a wall-mounted fountain onto an already existing wall or built into a new wall. Integrating this kind of water feature into your landscape brings a cohesiveness to the look you want to achieve rather than making it seem as if the... read more
A Wall Fountain to Suit Your Design
On the other hand, a water feature attached to a wall can be integrated onto an existing wall or built into a new wall. This style of fountain contributes to a cohesive look making it seem as if it was part of the landscape instead of an added feature. read more