Modern Garden Decor: Fountains and their Roots

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes. or_137_set__43625.jpg

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Residents of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the designer. Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains built to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings.

Anglo Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The ability of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Castles were more basic designs and often built on blustery hills, where their people devoted both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, regularly situated in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Tranquil pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The purest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period.

A massive terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

Do Animals Appreciate Water Fountains?

House pets may be wary of a new water feature so make sure to take them into account before buying one. Pets such as dogs may mistake your freestanding fountain with a large pool to cool off in or a pond from which to drink. Your treasured pets will probably take well to a water element in your yard. Your fountain may attract birds who think it is a fantastic place to cool down, so it is important to think about where you will place this type of water feature. Putting a birdbath in your yard is the perfect solution if you want to attract birds. Setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a good option if you want to avoid such issues. These sorts of fountains are great for dental and medical offices, not to mention stately homes.

The Truth About Fountains in Japanese Landscapes

A water element is an essential part of any Japanese garden.

Since Japanese water fountains are viewed as symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines. Since water is the most essential component of any Japanese fountain, the design is generally simple.

Moreover, water fountains with built-in bamboo spouts are very common. The bamboo spout is positioned over the basin, typically constructed of natural stones, and water trickles out. It must have a worn-down, weathered feel as well. So that the fountain appears at one with nature, people normally decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. Clearly this fountain is much more than merely a nice add-on.

If you want to get a bit more artistic, try a stone fountain enhanced with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. Before long moss begins to creep over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area begins to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

If you are blessed enough to have a big section of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Think about adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

However, water does not have to be an actual element in a Japanese water fountain. It is okay to use representations of water instead of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. You can also assemble flat stones and put them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

Ways to the Benefits of Feng Shui to Your Garden

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will bring its beneficial energy into your home as well.

Do not worry if your yard is considered too little for feng shui design, as size is relatively unimportant. If you have a lush, beautiful one, that is great, but even a smaller area works well with feng shui design.

The primary feng shui tools can be used for your interior decor as well as your garden design. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your home’s bagua, so it is important to figure out your home’s first.

There are five elements in feng shui theory, and you should know how to use each of them to maximize the energy.

An example of this is that Earth is the feng shui element you should have in the northeast section of your garden because that part of your garden connects to the energy of personal growth and self-cultivation. Since rocks symbolize the Earth element in feng shui, you might give some thought to putting some into a serene Zen garden in the northeast corner of your yard.

People thinking about including a water element into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).

Water Transport Solutions in Historic Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, started out delivering the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had depended on natural springs up until then. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people dwelling at greater elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. In the very early 16th century, the city began to use the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver drinking water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made reachable by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was initially constructed. Though they were initially designed to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to gather water from the channel, opening when he purchased the property in 1543. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to meet his needs. To give himself with a much more practical way to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, giving him access to the aqueduct below his property.


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