A Glimpse into the Beginnings of Outdoor Fountains

As the leader of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to mandate translations of invaluable writings from their original Greek into Latin. cs_144_aged_stone__05610.jpg Continuing in his quest to make the city deserving of being called the capital of the Christian world, he resolved to embellish the beauty of the city as well. Beginning in 1453, the ruined Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had brought clean drinking water into the city from many miles away, underwent restoration at the bidding of the Pope. The mostra, a monumental commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a custom also revived by Nicholas V. The fascinating background of the Trevi Fountain date back to an older water fountain he had commissioned to the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The adjustments, as well as the extensions included in the restored aqueduct, eventually made it possible to provide the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water to function.

How Feng Shui Turn Your Backyard into a Haven

Incorporating feng shui design into your yard will help circulate its energy into your home and your life.

When introducing feng shui design into your yard, even a very small area is adequate. A sizeable area is great for those fortunate enough to have it, but a smaller area can still be useful in feng shui design.

Feng shui tools are the same whether you are working in your garden or your residence. In order to know the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first want to know your home’s bagua.

There are five elements in feng shui theory, and you should understand how to use each of them to maximize the energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be integrated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that area connects to self-cultivation and personal development energy. This could be the perfect place to put a meditative Zen garden with some alluring stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

People thinking about including a water feature into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).

Where did Landscape Fountains Begin?

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to provide potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains functioned using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Acting as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Contemporary fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Fountain Worthy of Visiting

Both Christian and pagan artifacts have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Found in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the acclaimed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was not well known and situated far from sight making it hard to visit. Due to the fact that the nearby area was depressing and mostly uninhabited, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was mandated by Pope Clement XI to erect a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 saw the start of the work to lay down the foundation of the church. After blessing of the first stone, medals with the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown into the foundation.

Anglo-Saxon Gardens During the Norman Conquest

The arrival of the Normans in the later half of the eleventh century significantly transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. Architecture and horticulture were abilities that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the population. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were large stone structures built in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on understanding offensive and defensive strategies.

The serene method of gardening was unrealistic in these dreary bastions. The purest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to assailants attempting to dig under the castle walls. A scenic bowling green, covered in grass and enclosed by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.

Getting to Know About Self-Contained Fountains

Given that contained fountains are both inexpensive and easy to install, they are very trendy. All of the pieces are included with the fountain including the plumbing and pump. There is another use for the label “self-contained”, a reference to a fountain that has its own water reservoir.

If you are shopping for an easy-to-install water fountain for a veranda or deck, a self-contained model is definitely for you. Since they are portable, it is simple to relocate them whenever you want.

The first matter the landscaper will need to find out is whether or not the land is level. If your landscaper thinks the surface is too bumpy, he can always even it out it for you. You are now set to set up your water feature and fill it with water. Last but not least, connect it to a solar panel, a wall socket, or batteries, and it will be good to go.

Anyone who does not have easy access to a wellspring or external plumbing should consider a self-contained fountain. Many people put them in the middle of the garden, but they can really go anywhere. You will find them in myriad differing materials such as cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.


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