A True Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

twf029-fl__71641.jpg Incredible finds of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture situated at the entrance of the nearby basilica. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively obscure. Due to the fact that the nearby area was depressing and mostly uninhabited, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was mandated by Pope Clement XI to build a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. Work on the church's foundation began on on August 11, 1717. Medals bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first rock.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Originate from?

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to supply drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes.

Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. The creation of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Demand for Water Fountains in Japanese Gardens

You will never see a Japanese garden that does not feature a water feature. You will often find Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are thought to be symbolic of physical and spiritual purification. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very basic because they are meant to draw attention to the water itself.

Many people also opt for a water fountain that has a bamboo spout. The basin, which tends to be made of stones, receives the water as it trickles down from the bamboo spout. People generally make them appear weathered and worn, even when they are new. People want their fountain to appear as natural as possible, so they position plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. Clearly this fountain is much more than merely a beautiful add-on.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it artistically with live bamboo and other natural elements. Gradually moss begins to grow over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area begins to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Anyone who has an extensive space to work with can, of course, install a much bigger water feature. Lots of people put in a koi pond or a tiny stream as a final touch.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. It is acceptable to use representations of water in place of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. Natural rocks that are flat and laid out tightly together can be used to give the illusion of flowing water.

Ways Feng Shui Make Your Backyard into a Haven

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will draw its beneficial energy into your home as well.

As far as the size of your yard goes, it is not especially important when introducing feng shui design to it. A sizeable space is great for those fortunate enough to have it, but a more compact area can still be useful in feng shui design.

Whether you are bringing feng shui design to your home or garden, the approaches are the same. In order to know the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first need to know your home’s bagua.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is vital to start by knowing how to bolster each of its five elements.

The Earth element, for example, should be positioned in the northeast section of your garden which connects to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. Since rocks symbolize the Earth element in feng shui, you might think about putting some into a peaceful Zen garden in the northeast corner of your yard.

Think about incorporating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Container Herb Gardening: Everything You Need to Learn and Then Some

To create the optimal herb garden, consider container gardening. If you like being in the kitchen or yard, you are going to very likely be drawn to the world of herbs. Herbs provide immediate enjoyment as they can be used in any dish, and they are incredibly easy to grow. It only takes a little time each day to maintain your herb garden, and if you have planter gardens and potted herbs, they can be taken inside once autumn begins to freeze - so you can take delight in your herbs all year long.

Each type of herb has a distinctive growth rate, making their harvest times vary. Patience is required for herb gardening, just like any other goal. Do not expect to necessarily notice results on the first or second day, but it is essential to care for an herb garden with consistency as things will develop with time.

Remarkably one of Seven Wonders of the World, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, were merely terraced rooftop gardens. Proposed to be constructed over an immense stone bowed structure, the rooftops were water resistant and secured cavernous storerooms below. The terraces successfully grew trees simply because the soil was deep and water from cavernous wells was provided to the plants through a hydraulic technique. The plants most frequently grown on the terraces were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.

Liven Up Your Everyday Life with a Water Fountain

The movement and sound of water emitted from a fountain have two effects: cleaning the air and proving a place of relaxation and tranquility, both of which will better your quality of life.

Both an indoor and an outdoor garden fountain will help you in ways you might not even know. All over the world coastal cities have large populations which may perhaps be connected to the fact that the human body is composed primarily of water. While you could invest in an expensive beach house or plunge into the ocean every day to reap the benefits of water, getting a water feature is much easier and more affordable!

The addition of an outdoor garden fountain to any patio, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space. You might be surprised how your beautiful outdoor space can be even more appealing with one of the many outdoor water features on the market. If you have a screened porch, give some thought to installing one there, or if not, then on the exterior wall above your patio. If you have a flower bed, consider installing a beautiful tiered model there to add a feeling of harmony. Birds love birdbath fountains because the flowing of the water ensures that it stays clean and does not accumulate bacteria and algae. Add the finishing touch with the enticing sound of flowing water in your garden.


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