Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Rome’s first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, inhabitants living at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. Over this time period, there were only two other innovations capable of supplying water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which amassed rainwater. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a newer strategy was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to deliver water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it less difficult to preserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to remove water from the channel, which was carried out by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. brk-303-1__85451.jpg Though the cardinal also had a cistern to get rainwater, it didn’t provide sufficient water. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat below his residence, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

Choose from all Sorts of External Water Features

Is it possible for you to convert your garden into a haven of peace? Add a sense of tranquility to your garden with an exterior fountain and profit from all the positive effects of a water feature.

The flood of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. If your pond is sufficiently large, it can be incorporated without trouble. You can find these in public recreational areas or old mansions.

Outdoor water features come in a variety of forms, one of which is a chic wall fountain. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Whereas spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In a very straightforward process, the water spills out of a spout, trickles down a beautifully textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Themed fountains are ideal when the style of your garden allows for them. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about adding a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. On the other hand, a more contemporary garden can include more of a bold design. Let your imagination run free to decide on the best option.

Water spills down several levels in a tiered fountain. Water flowing down multiple tiers of this water feature is the main attribute of a cascading fountain.

A considerable amount of space is needed for an outdoor fountain, so another alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain.

These kinds of fountains are suitable for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are buried underground.

Japanese fountains are thought to impart a sense of tranquility and wellness. Bamboo sticks are used in this kind of fountain to expel the water. The cycle of water flowing into a rustic-styled bucket or a molded stone repeats itself again and again.

Fountains made of glass are another type on the market. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. However, this type of water feature is better suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. As the water moves over the surface of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water cascades downwards. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) shows off water gently cascading down its façade.

A large rock drilled with holes which then has tubes inserted into it is what differentiates a bubbling rock fountain. In this type of fountain, water is driven upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Flowing towards the bottom of the fountain, the water returns as a slow drizzle down the sides of the rock. This is yet another possibility for gardens with restricted space. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain prevents water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are growing to be increasingly trendy. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electric bills, and the beneficial effects they have on our environment. There is no need to choose a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide range of styles found on the market.

Anglo-Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxons experienced extraordinary adjustments to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Engineering and horticulture were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were usually significant stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their residents dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. Gardening, a placid occupation, was impracticable in these fruitless fortifications.

The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is represented in Berkeley Castle, which is conceivably the most untouched sample we have. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to assailants intending to excavate under the castle walls. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

A True Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Water Feature in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian antiquities in Rome have stumbled upon a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a renowned marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was not well known and located far from sight making it difficult to visit. The part of town where it was situated was depressing and bleak which was enough to keep visitors away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was mandated by Pope Clement XI to build a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to lay down the foundation of the church. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also tossed in.

Reasons to Give Thought To Installing a Pondless Water Element in your Backyard

The name “pondless fountain” is one other way to call a disappearing fountain. It is known as “disappearing” since the water source is under ground. Any area where there are people, such as a walking path, is perfect for a disappearing fountain since it adds calming sounds and a lovely visual effect. They come in a wide variety of designs, some of which are ceramic urns, waterfalls, granite columns, and millstones.

There are many reasons to think about buying a disappearing fountain. There is no large pool of water that could pose a threat to anyone since the water comes from below the ground. Therefore, it is safe for children to hang out near it. Evaporating water is also not a concern since the water source is not out in the open. Consequently, your fountain will not use as much water as other styles of fountains. The time you spend on upkeep is also minimized since algae does not grow underground and debris can not get into the water source. Finally, due to its smaller size, it is less difficult to fit it where you want it than other types of fountains.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Numerous Designs Available

Small patios or courtyards are an ideal place to install wall fountains since they add style to an area with limited space.

Whatever design of outdoor wall fountain you are searching for whether it be traditional, modern, classic, or Asian you will certainly find the one you like most. It is possible to have one custom-made if you are not able to find a prefabricated fountain to suit you.

There are two distinct styles of fountains you can buy: mounted and free-standing. Small, self-contained versions can be hung on a wall are called mounted wall fountains. Fountains of this kind need to be light, therefore, they are usually fabricated from resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. In large stand-alone fountains, otherwise referred to as wall fountains, the basin is situated on the ground with the flat side positioned against a wall. Water features such as these are usually manufactured of cast stone and have no weight limitations.

It is a good idea to integrate a custom-made fountain into a new or existing wall, something often recommended by landscape experts. Employing an expert mason is your best option to build the basin and install the required plumbing. The wall will have to have a spout or fountain mask built into it. A tailor-made wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which adds to a unified look.


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