The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The ability of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were often important stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their inhabitants dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. b-026__96292.jpg The calm practice of gardening was unrealistic in these bleak bastions. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most complete model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to assailants attempting to dig under the castle walls. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

Common Water Features Seen in Japanese Gardens

A water feature is an essential part of any Japanese garden. The Japanese water fountain is considered representative of spiritual and physical purifying, so it is customarily placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. Since water is meant to be the focal point of a fountain, you will notice that the designs are kept very straightforward.

You will also find many fountains that have spouts crafted of bamboo. The water moves through the bamboo spout and collects in the stone basin below. It must have a worn-down, weathered appearance as well. It is important that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural environment, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. Clearly, this fountain is something more than just a regular decoration.

If you want to get a bit more imaginative, try a stone fountain embellished with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. In time, as moss gradually covers the stones, it starts to look even more natural-looking.

Wherever there is enough open space, you have the possibility to build a more extensive water feature. Give some thought to adding a beautiful final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

There are other alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Lots of people decide to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in real water. The illusion of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by putting flat stones very closely together.

A Wall Fountain to Suit Your Design

Having a wall fountain in your backyard or on a terrace is great when you seek to relax. You can have one made to suit your specifications even if you have a small amount of space. Whether it is stand alone or fitted, you will need a spout, a water bowl, internal piping, and a pump. There are any variety of models to choose from including conventional, contemporary, classic, or Asian.

Usually quite large, freestanding wall fountains, also known as floor fountains, have their basins on the ground.

On the other hand, a fountain affixed to a wall can be integrated onto an existing wall or built into a new wall. A cohesive look can be achieved with this type of water feature because it seems to become part of the landscape rather than an added element.

Where did Garden Water Fountains Originate from?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Residents of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or jet high into the air. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the designer who created it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often used by Romans to decorate their fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains made to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains adorn public spaces and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Incorporate the Energy of Feng Shui into Your Garden

Enjoy the health benefits of feng shui by introducing its design elements into your yard.

Size is not the main factor when adding feng shui design to your yard.

A huge area is great for those lucky enough to have it, but a smaller area can still be useful in feng shui design.

The same tools you employ to introduce feng shui design into your house can be used in the garden. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your house's bagua, so it is essential to determine your home’s first.

It is also important to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to maximize its energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be integrated in the northeast section of your garden which connects to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Consider introducing a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

A Fabulous Illustration of Roman Artistry: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The celebrated marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was constructed in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area, as it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's infrastructure began on on August 11, 1717. The blessing of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.


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