A True Roman Showpiece: The Santa Maria Waterwork in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The celebrated marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained mostly unknown. The part of town where it was situated was depressing and bleak which generally kept people away. ft-306__16015.jpg In order to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to design a fountain for the area. The work of laying down the church’s first stones started on August 17, 1717. The consecration of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started delivering the many people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up till then. If residents living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the remaining existing technologies of the time, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. To deliver water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they applied the new technique of redirecting the motion from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. The aqueduct’s channel was made accessible by pozzi, or manholes, that were situated along its length when it was 1st created. The manholes made it less demanding to clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died.

He didn’t get a sufficient quantity of water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his property to gather rainwater. Via an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed under his property, he was in a position to fulfill his water wants.

The Plusses of Having Self-Contained Fountains

People like contained fountains for their easy installation and lower price. Since all pieces are included with the fountain, no additional parts are required. There is another use for the label “self-contained”, a reference to a fountain that has its own water reservoir.

Since they do not require much work to install, self-contained fountains are ideal for patios and porches. They are also not difficult to move from place to place.

Once you determine where you want to install your fountain, your landscaper should verify that it is not too bumpy or uneven. Do not worry if the land is not level, your landscaper can always even it out. You are now prepared to install your water feature and fill it with water. The last thing remaining to do is to connect it to a power source such as batteries, a wall socket, or a solar panel, and it will be functional.

Anyone who does not have direct access to a water source or external plumbing should look into a self-contained fountain. Though a fountain can be a focal point anywhere in a garden, many people place them in the middle. Cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass are just some of the materials used to make them.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Beginnings

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water source, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the artist who created it. Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise.

To demonstrate his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Urban fountains created at the end of the nineteenth functioned only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the essential drinking water. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

Reasons to Give Thought To Putting in a Disappearing Water Element in your Backyard

Disappearing fountains sometimes go by the name “pondless” fountains. You do not see where the water comes from, since it is below ground. An ideal place for a disappearing fountain is anywhere that gets regular foot traffic, as it adds lovely visual and sound effects to the environment. It is easy to find the design that is right for you, as there are so many to choose from such as millstones, ceramic urns, waterfalls, and also those with granite columns.

There are many reasons to think about choosing a disappearing fountain. The water comes from underground and does not create a large pool above ground so any danger to those around it is minimized. For this reason, it poses no threat to children. Moreover, you will not need to be concerned about losing water to evaporation since it is stored underground. Consequently, your fountain will not waste as much water as other styles of fountains. This type of fountain is recommended if you do not have a lot of time to clean it often since neither dirt nor algae can reach it underground. Last but not least, because of its small size it can fit nearly anywhere you want.

Outdoor Fountains Come in Lots of Forms and Sizes

Turn your garden into what you have always wished for – a haven of peace. Incorporating a fountain into your garden provides tranquility as well as numerous beneficial effects that come with having a water feature.

The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an impressive sight to see. If your pond is significantly big, it can be incorporated without trouble. You may have seen one of these in a recreation area or an old mansion.

Outdoor water features come in varied shapes and sizes, one of which is a fancy wall fountain. These types of water features make for a fantastic addition to your yard even if it is small. Spouting fountains normally make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of a subtle type of water feature. In this simple process. the water which is pushed out of a small opening, moves down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the bottom before being pushed back to the top.

Themed fountains are best when the look of your yard allows for them. A cherub holding a spout is one of the possible types of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to fit a rustically themed cottage or garden.

Modern-day gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more adventurous. Just allow your imagination to run loose.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water flows down multiple levels. Cascading fountains is another term used to identify this type of fountain because water moves down multiple levels.

Since external fountains occupy a great deal of space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. The reservoirs needed for these types of fountains are concealed underground which helps you better use your limited space.

Japanese fountains are thought to impart a sense of tranquility and well-being. The water flows through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled recipient or a molded stone repeats itself again and again.

An additional style of fountain is made of glass. Creating a more classical appearance are trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features of this kind are a perfect option for gardens with many sharp edges along with contemporary shapes and design. The water produces a spectacular effect when it streams down the outside of the glass. Colored LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it progresses down the sheet of glass. With water softly running down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of fake rock, are a viable solution for your garden.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with holes and then filled in the middle with tubes. In this type of fountain, water is pushed upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Flowing towards the base of the fountain, the water comes back as a slow drizzle down the sides of the rock. Gardens with little space are good spots to include this style of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is suitable because it stops water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electricity bills, and the positive effects they have on our environment. The varied designs in outdoor solar-powered fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.


Water Delivery Strategies in Ancient Rome
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The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design
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Keep Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Tidy
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Installation of a Fountain In Smaller Gardens
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The Fascinating Origin of the Wall Water Fountain
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