A Fabulous Example of Roman Artistry: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Feature

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and situated far from sight making it hard to visit. Due to the fact that the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to build a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. 230_london_closed__36014.jpg August 11, 1717 saw the start of the task to lay down the foundation of the church. After blessing of the first stone, medallions with the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown into the foundation.

Beautiful Garden Multi-Level Water Fountains

For many years now now, multi-tiered fountains have been prevalent, especially in gardens. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain traditionally have many tiered fountains. Common places to see them are in courtyards and piazzas. While some multi-level fountains have intricate designs including sculptures or artwork, others are very simple.

Traditional or classic settings are great spots for them. The fountain should blend right into the setting as if it has been there since the outset.

The Benefits of Pondless Water Elements in your Backyard

The name “pondless fountain” is one other way to call a disappearing fountain. It is referred to as “disappearing” since the water source is below ground.

Disappearing fountains should be installed near any place people hang out often, as they add so much to the surrounding area. It is easy to find the kind that is right for you, as there are so many to choose from such as millstones, ceramic urns, waterfalls, and also those with granite columns.

Disappearing fountains also come with many added merits. There is no large pool of water that could pose a danger to anyone since the water comes from beneath the ground. That said, you will not have to stress out about the safety of your children. Evaporating water is also not an issue since the water supply is not exposed to heat. Consequently, your fountain will not use as much water as other kinds of fountains. The water source will remain clean and free of dirt since it is below gound and algae will not grow in it, so you will not need to waste a lot of time cleaning it. Finally, due to its smaller size, it is less difficult to install it where you want it than other types of fountains.

Keeping Your Fountain Clean

It is essential to carefully maintain water fountains for them to perform optimally. It is essential to clean it out and remove any debris or foreign objects that might have dropped into or onto it. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun comes in contact with still water, algae can develop. In order to avoid this, there are some common ingredients that can be poured into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide.

Bleach can also be mixed into the water, but this is not the ideal option because it can sicken birds or other animals.

Experts recommend that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scouring every 3-4 months. The first task is to empty out all of the water. When you have done this, wash inside the water reservoir with a gentle detergent. A useful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Make sure all the soap is properly rinsed off.

It is highly suggested taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and remove any plankton or calcium. Soaking it in vinegar for a while will make it easier to scrub. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain ingredients that will collect inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

And finally, make sure the water level is always full in order to keep your fountain running optimally. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can damage the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

The Origins Of Garden Fountains

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow down or shoot high into the air. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the artist. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature.

Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by including decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

The Prevalence of Fountains in Japanese Landscapes

No Japanese garden is whole without a water element. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical cleansing, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very basic because they are meant to draw attention to the water itself.

Bamboo is a common material to use for spouts and therefore often incorporated into water fountains. Below the bamboo spout is generally a stone basin which receives the water as it trickles down from the spout. Even when new, it should be designed to look as if it has been out in the open for a long time. So that the fountain looks at one with nature, people normally decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. Clearly, this fountain is something more than just a simple decoration.

If you are searching for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain built of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. Gradually moss begins to grow over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area starts to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Bigger water features can be designed if there is enough open land. Think about adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

Water, however, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Potential options include stones, gravel, or sand to symbolize water. The illusion of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.


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