Rome’s First Water Delivery Systems

With the manufacturing of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to depend strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people dwelling at higher elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a brand new system was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to generate water to Pincian Hill. alp_gxt698__72495.jpg Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. Although they were primarily planned to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to collect water from the channel, commencing when he bought the property in 1543. He didn’t get adequate water from the cistern that he had established on his property to obtain rainwater. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat under his residence, and he had a shaft established to give him accessibility.

Modern Garden Decoration: Fountains and their Beginnings

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Pure practicality was the original role of fountains. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water source, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Artists thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and celebrate the artist responsible for creating it. The main materials used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create mini variations of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

Recommendations for Putting in an Outdoor Water Element

A lot of people overlook the need for an electrical socket or water source close by when thinking about where to put their garden fountain. Occasionally new owners get so caught up in the romance of their new purchase that they forget important details. Do not forget that an extension cord can be helpful if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the typical length of power cords. You will also require a water resource close by so that you can conveniently fill your water fountain. Water is challenging to move by yourself from place to place. A nearby water hose is helpful when time comes to fill the fountain. A water fountain autofill will make your life simpler in the long run, but this requires a specialist to install since it must be connected to an external water line.

Introduce the Power of Feng Shui into Your Backyard

Add feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can carry energy into your household.

Do not worry if your yard is considered too little for feng shui design, as size is is not especially relevant. A huge space is great for those privileged enough to have it, but a smaller area can still be useful in feng shui design.

The main feng shui tools can be used for your interior decor as well as your garden design. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your home’s bagua, so it is important to determine your home’s first.

Before getting started, make sure you comprehend the five elements of feng shui so that you can optimize their energy.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is essential to use it. This could be the perfect spot to put a meditative Zen garden with some alluring stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Think about incorporating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

How Many Different Types of Garden Water Fountains Are There?

Gardens allow you to retreat into nature and be outside whenever you want. Although there is a lot of work involved in getting a new one designed and built, it is worth the effort for anyone who will be using it. The value of your home will go up with a lovely garden area, as it will enhance the “curb appeal” of the property. Many people opt to add to their landscaping by putting in statues or other art, re-doing the pavement of their driveway, planting trees, or getting a water feature.

A significant enhancement to your garden can be accomplished by installing a water fountain. A place of tranquility and serenity will appear from what was originally just a simple spot. The trickling water of your fountain will not only give you a calming haven, it will also attract wild birds and other friendly local critters. All eyes will now be focussed on the gorgeous fountain.

Pondless Water Elements: Some of the Benefits of Having one in your Garden

The other name for a disappearing fountain is a “pondless” fountain. The water rises from an underground source, hence the name. Disappearing fountains add calming sound effects and striking visuals to any place where people get together.

It is not difficult to find the style that is right for you, as there are so many to choose from such as millstones, ceramic urns, waterfalls, and also those with granite columns.

There are many reasons to consider getting a disappearing fountain. There is no large pool of water that could pose a risk to anyone since the water comes from below the ground. Consequently, it poses no risk to children. Moreover, no water will evaporate because it is not exposed to the open air. Consequently, your fountain will not use as much water as other styles of fountains. It is extremely low-maintenance since it is below ground and not exposed to debris or algae. Finally, due to its reduced size, it is less difficult to install it where you want it than other types of fountains.


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Rome’s first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, inhabitants living at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. Over this time... read more
The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But home life,... read more
Garden Fountains for Tight Spots
The foliage in your yard is a great spot to fit in your water feature. Ponds, artificial rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can... read more