A Fabulous Example of Roman Expertise: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Feature

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. c_077__27676.jpg Found in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the acclaimed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not often visited. The part of town where it was located was depressing and bleak which generally kept visitors away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to erect a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. Work on the church's infrastructure began on on August 11, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. But nevertheless home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire population. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently immense stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their inhabitants dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense.

Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was impracticable in these fruitless fortifications. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most pristine model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. A large terrace meant for exercising and as a way to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs about the building. On 1 of these terraces lies a charming bowling green: it is covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Learning About Container Herb Gardening

Container gardening is ideal for herbs. The subject of herbs will probably be alluring to anyone who appreciates spending time in the kitchen or garden. Growing herbs is straightforward and simple, and easily pay off since they can be used in everyday meals, soups, and marinades. An herb garden is simple to maintain once it is growing, and once autumn starts to freeze, planter gardens and potted herbs can easily bemoved - so they will last all winter long. The differing growth rates of herbs make for different harvest times.

Patience is necessary for herb gardening, just like any other goal. Tackle your herb garden like an athlete practices his/her day-to-day routines, results might come slowly but they will come; caring for your herb garden is essential even when you do not see results right away.

It is a little known fact that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were basically terraced roofs full of flora. Designed to be constructed over an immense stone bowed structure, the rooftops were waterproof and insulated cavernous storerooms below. Water reached the terraces by using hydraulic devices and the soil was deep enough to grow trees with efficiency. The plants most generally grown on the terraces were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.

The Multiple Types of Wall Fountains

Having a wall fountain in your backyard or on a veranda is excellent when you wish to relax. You can have one made to fit your specifications even if you have a small amount of space. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are necessary for freestanding as well as mounted types. Traditional, modern, classic, and Asian are just a few of the styles from which you can choose.

With its basin laid on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are typically quite big in size.

It is possible to integrate a wall-mounted water feature onto an already existing wall or built into a new wall. Integrating this kind of water feature into your landscape adds a cohesiveness to the look you want to attain rather than making it seem as if the fountain was merely added later.

Commonplace Fountains Found in Japanese Landscapes

You will never see a Japanese garden that does not feature a water element. They tend to be put right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are regarded as being representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. It is uncommon to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains because the focus is supposed to be on the water itself.

Many people also get a water fountain that features a bamboo spout. The basin, which tends to be fashioned of stones, collects the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout.

Even when new, it should be made to look as if it has been outdoors for a long time. It is vital that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural setting, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. Clearly, this fountain is something more than just a basic decoration.

If you want to get a bit more creative, try a stone fountain embellished with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. Over the years it starts to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss blankets the stone.

Wherever there is sufficient open space, you have the possibility to build a more extensive water feature. Popular water feature enhancements are a koi pond or any sort of little pool, or even a wandering brook.

There are alternative options if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Pretty rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. The semblance of a creek with running water can also be achieved by putting flat stones very closely together.

The Plusses of Disappearing Water Features in your Yard

The term “pondless fountain” is just another way to call a disappearing fountain. The water comes from an underground source, hence the name. Any spot where there are people, such as a walking path, is perfect for a disappearing fountain since it adds calming sounds and a lovely visual effect.

They come in a wide variety of designs, some of which are ceramic urns, waterfalls, granite columns, and millstones.

There are many special advantages to a disappearing fountain as opposed to other fountains. Any risk to anyone standing around it is eliminated since the water source is underneath ground level. As a result, it presents no threat to children. Moreover, you will not need to be concerned about losing water to evaporation since it is kept underground. Other kinds of fountains waste more water due to evaporation. The time you spend on maintenanceis also minimized since algae does not grow underground and rubbish can not get into the water source. Lastly, it is easier to find a place for it due to its small size.


Early Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome
Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, started out supplying the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had counted on natural springs up until then. When aqueducts or springs weren’t... read more
The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping
Anglo-Saxons encountered extraordinary changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in... read more
The Captivating Origin of the Wall Water Fountain
As the leader of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to authorize translations of important writings from their original Greek into Latin. Continuing in his quest to make... read more