Rome’s First Water Transport Systems

Rome’s very first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents living at higher elevations had to depend on natural springs for their water. wwlhcg-ss__94418.jpg When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at raised elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a unique method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to generate water to Pincian Hill. During the length of the aqueduct’s channel were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. Whilst these manholes were provided to make it easier to manage the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the channel, which was practiced by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he purchased the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. He didn’t get adequate water from the cistern that he had constructed on his property to collect rainwater. That is when he made a decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran below his residence.

The Many Kinds of Outdoor Fountains

Is it possible for you to transform your garden into a haven of serenity? Add a feeling of tranquility to your garden with an outdoor fountain and profit from all the positive benefits of a water feature.

A dramatic impact is made when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. Large, existing ponds can easily be fitted with one of these. You can find these in community parks or old mansions.

Choose a fashionable wall fountain to put outside. Even with a smallish backyard, it is possible to add one of these water features. Spouting fountains normally make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of an understated kind of water feature. It is straightforward undertaking wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a beautifully textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Dependent on the look you have chosen for the garden, you could contemplate a themed fountain. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider adding a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Something special and striking could be an option for more modern gardens. Just let your imagination to run loose.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water flows down multiple levels. Water flows down multiple tiers in a cascading fountain.

A substantial amount of space is necessary for an outdoor fountain, so another alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Put in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are hidden from sight below ground.

If you seek a feeling of peacefulness and calmness, install a Japanese fountain as these are considered to bring about such sensations. Bamboo sticks act as the piping from which water flows in these kinds of water features. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is placed at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the pattern repeated over and over again.

One of the many styles of fountain around is the glass fountain. A more conventional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are best suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and designs. A magnificent effect is created when water streams down the sheets of glass. Some fountains also include colorful LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water streams downwards. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain makes for an appealing façade as the water gently trickles downwards.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the middle with pipes. In this kind of fountain, water is forced upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top.

Downward flowing water appears as gentle trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. This type of fountain is ideally suited for small gardens. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain hinders water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.

Solar powered fountains have become more popular recently because they run on sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the advantages to the environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide selection of designs to pick from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

The Many Designs of Outdoor Wall Fountains

Small patios or courtyards are an ideal place to set up wall fountains because they add style to an area with limited space. The myriad of designs in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your tastes. Your preferences dictate the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to suit you, you do have the option of having a customized one.

Mounted and stand-alone fountains are available on the market. You can install a mounted wall fountain because they are little and self-contained.

One of the most important features of wall fountains is that they be lightweight, so they are typically made of fiberglass or resin to mirror the look of stone. Floor fountains are freestanding, big, and also have a basin on the floor as well as a flat side against the wall. Water features such as these are typically made of cast stone and have no weight restrictions.

It is a good idea to integrate a custom-made fountain into a new or existing wall, something often recommended by landscape professionals. The basin and all the required plumbing are best installed by a trained mason. The wall will need to have a spout or fountain mask built into it. Custom-built wall fountains add to a unified look because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.

The Wondrous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain in Rome

Both Christian and pagan artifacts have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture located at the entrance of the nearby basilica. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was constructed in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. Since the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's infrastructure started on on August 11, 1717. The blessing of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

The Beauty of Tiered Water Features

Fountains with more than one level are very easy to find, and common especially in gardens. You can find many of these fountains in Italy, Spain, and other Southern European nations.

While they can be located anywhere, they are most typical in the center of building complexes and in popular areas where people gather. All multi-level fountains are beautiful, although some have much more elaborate carvings than others.

Traditional or classic settings are great spots for them. The fountain should blend right into the surroundings as if it has been there since the beginning.

The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Monasteries and castles served different functions, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures constructed in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on understanding offensive and defensive practices. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The finest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants intending to excavate under the castle walls. A picturesque bowling green, covered in grass and surrounded by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.


Original Water Supply Techniques in Rome
With the building of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to depend exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for... read more
Where did Large Garden Fountains Begin?
Nowadays, fountains decorate public areas and are used to recognize individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs. read more
Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Beginnings
These days, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs. read more
The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design
The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century considerably modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. At the time of the... read more