The Wonderful Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain in Rome

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of pagan and Christian artifacts on the site of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not oftentimes visited. It was said that there was very little to see in this area, as it was abject and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. As part of a project to revitalize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. twf006__93672.jpg August 11, 1717 saw the start of the work to lay down the foundation of the church. Medals bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

The Origins Of Outdoor Fountains

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Artists thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the artist responsible for creating it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create mini depictions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains made to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

The Wide Array of Models of Wall Water Fountains

Wall fountains are well suited to little verandas or yards because they do not require too much space while also adding a touch of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. Whatever style of outdoor wall fountain you are looking for whether it be traditional, contemporary, classic, or Asian you will undoubtedly find the one you like best. While there are countless prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a customized fountain if none of these are pleasing to you.

Mounted and stand-alone water features are obtainable on the market. You can install a mounted wall fountain because they are little and self-contained. Typically made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these kinds of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Floor fountains are freestanding, big, and also have a basin on the ground as well as a flat side against the wall. Water features such as these are ordinarily manufactured of cast stone and have no weight restrictions.

It is a good idea to incorporate a custom-made fountain into a new or existing wall, something often suggested by landscape experts. The basin and all the necessary plumbing are best installed by a qualified mason. It is also vital to include a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. Customized wall fountains contribute to a unified appearance because they become part of the landscape rather than look like a later addition.

Water Delivery Strategies in Ancient Rome

Rome’s 1st raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, residents residing at higher elevations had to rely on local springs for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at raised elevations turned to water pulled from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns.

In the early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that ran underground through Acqua Vergine to furnish water to Pincian Hill. Throughout the time of its original construction, pozzi (or manholes) were placed at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it easier to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had built on his property to collect rainwater. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran beneath his residential property.

The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

Anglo-Saxons felt incredible adjustments to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Engineering and gardening were abilities that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the general population. Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures assembled in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on learning offensive and defensive techniques. Gardening, a quiet occupation, was unfeasible in these fruitless fortifications. The best example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. The keep is rumored to have been developed during the time of William the Conqueror. A large terrace recommended for exercising and as a way to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs around the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a quaint bowling green: it's coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

An Introduction to Container Herb Landscapes

To produce the optimal herb garden, consider container gardening.

It is very likely that a person who is fascinated by the kitchen or garden,will most likely also be captivated by the subject of herbs. These delightful plants are suited to any novice gardener; they are immediately fulfilling as they can easily be added to any recipe. With a few minutes of daily attention it is simple to sustain an herb garden, and when the weather begins to change, planter gardens and potted herbs can be carried inside - it is effortless to delight in herbs all 365 days of the year. Each type of herb has a distinctive growth rate, making their harvest times vary. Patience is needed for herb gardening, just like any other goal. Tackle your herb garden like an athlete approaches his/her daily exercises, results might come slowly but they will come; caring for your herb garden is essential even when you do not notice results right away.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, famously one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were really just rooftop terraces filled with plant life. They were waterproof and made to be developed over a big, curved stone foundation that kept large storage rooms below. The terraces successfully grew trees simply because the soil was deep and water from cavernous wells was provided to the plants through a hydraulic process. The plants that were favored were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.


From Where Did Garden Water Fountains Come From?
Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational gatherings. read more
Modern Garden Decoration: Garden Fountains and their Beginnings
Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings. read more
The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Gardens
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The talent of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the... read more
Keeping Your Large Outdoor Fountain Clean
And finally, make sure the water level is consistently full in order to keep your fountain operating smoothly. Permitting the water level to get too low can result in damage to the... read more
Installing a Water Fountain In Smaller Yards
The foliage in your yard is a great spot to fit in your water feature. Ponds, artificial rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the... read more