A Genuine Roman Showpiece: The Santa Maria Water Feature in Cosmedin

Amazing finds of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area around Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture located in the portico of the nearby basilica. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not frequently visited. Since the nearby area was depressing and mostly abandoned, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. ft_193_detail__01508.jpg In order to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to design a water feature for the area. Work on the church's foundation started on on August 11, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

The Wide Range of Outdoor Fountains

Make your dream a reality by making an oasis of tranquility in your garden. Incorporating a fountain into your garden provides tranquility as well as numerous beneficial effects that come with having a water feature.

The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much trouble. You may have seen one of these in a recreation area or an old estate.

Outdoor water features are available in a variety of forms, one of which is a chic wall fountain. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these.

While spouting fountains produce an impressive effect, wall fountains are rather understated water features. It is simple undertaking wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Themed fountains are best when the design of your yard allows for them. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider adding a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Something special and striking could be an option for more modern gardens. Just permit your creativity to run loose.

The central trait of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Due to the water moving down its multiple levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

The space needed for an outdoor fountain can be extensive, therefore, a better alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Put in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight underground.

Japanese fountains are believed to lend a feeling of tranquility and wellness. Bamboo sticks are utilized in this type of fountain to expel the water. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled recipient or a molded stone repeats itself again and again.

Glass fountains make up another category of fountain. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this kind have a more traditional feel. Gardens with a lot of sharp edges as well as modern shapes and designs are better for these sorts of water features. As the water moves over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. LED lighting fixtures are also used in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water slowly flowing down its façade.

Bubbling rock fountains are large stones drilled with holes which are then filled with tubes in the center. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are caused by the water being thrust upward at low pressure. Downward flowing water appears as gentle dribble as it moves down the sides of the rock to go back to its base. Gardens with little space are good places to include this style of fountain.

The low pressure used in this sort of fountain inhibits water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.

The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming increasingly prevalent. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electric bills, and the beneficial effects they have on our environment. The wide-ranging designs in outdoor solar-powered fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Landscape Fountains

Proper care and regular cleaning are important to the longevity of water fountains. It is essential to clean it out and take out any debris or foreign elements that might have fallen into or onto it. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is susceptible to growing algae. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be mixed into the water to avoid this problem. Bleach can also be put into the water, however this is not the ideal option because it can hurt birds or other animals.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should have a serious cleaning. The first task is to empty out all the water. When you have done this, scrub inside the water reservoir with a gentle detergent.

If there is intricate artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Do not leave any soap deposits inside of or on the fountain.

It is highly suggested taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and remove any plankton or calcium. Letting it soak in vinegar for a few hours first will make it alot easier to clean. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to eliminate any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working condition is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Allowing the water to go below the pump’s intake level, can cause severe damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

Enrich Your Garden with the Help of Feng Shui

Introducing feng shui design into your yard will help circulate its energy into your home and your life.

Size is not the most important consideration when adding feng shui design to your yard. It is fabulous to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can still incorporate feng shui design.

The same tools you employ to introduce feng shui design into your house can be used in the garden. In order to learn the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first have to know your home’s bagua.

There are five elements in feng shui theory, and you should learn how to utilize each of them to maximize the energy.

An example of this is that Earth is the feng shui element you should have in the northeast part of your garden because that part of your garden connects to the energy of personal growth and self-cultivation. This could be the ideal place to put a meditative Zen garden with some beautiful stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Give some thought to introducing a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Original Water Supply Solutions in The City Of Rome

Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Rome, residents who dwelled on hills had to go even further down to get their water from natural sources. If residents living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing solutions of the day, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. To furnish water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they implemented the new technique of redirecting the stream from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Though they were initially planned to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to get water from the channel, opening when he obtained the property in 1543.

He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had established on his property to gather rainwater. Via an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was set to satisfy his water demands.

Installing a Garden Fountain In Smaller Backyards

Since water causes a reflection, small spaces will appear larger. Augmenting the reflective aspects of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. If your objective is to highlight your new feature at night, underwater lights in varied colors and shapes will do the trick. Sunlight is indispensable to power eco-lights during the day time while submerged lights are great for night use. Natural treatments use them because they emanate a calming effect which helps to relieve stress as well as anxiety.

The foliage in your yard is a very good spot to fit in your water feature. Ponds, artificial rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the focal feature on your property. The flexibility of water features is that they can be installed in large backyards as well as in small verandas. The best way to perfect the ambience, place it in a good place and use the right accompaniments.


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