Water Transport Strategies in Historic Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, started providing the many people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had relied on natural springs up until then. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the other existing technologies of the day, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a unique program was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sections to provide water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were built at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Although they were initially planned to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started out using the manholes to accumulate water from the channel, opening when he purchased the property in 1543. aq_78059__74343.jpg Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to satisfy his needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat below his property, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

Anglo-Saxons felt great changes to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the population. Most often constructed upon windy peaks, castles were basic constructs that enabled their occupants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive programs, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly installed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of farming. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. As a technique of deterring assailants from tunneling under the walls, an immense terrace encircles the building. On 1 of these terraces lies a stylish bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Eye-Catching Backyard Tiered Water Fountains

For many years now now, multi-tiered fountains have been popular, most notably in gardens. These kinds of fountains are widespread in Italy, Spain, and other Mediterranean nations. While they can be found anywhere, they are most typical in the center of building complexes and in popular areas where people gather.

While some multi-level fountains have ornate designs including sculptures or artwork, others are very simple.

Traditional or classic surroundings are great spots for them. The fountain should blend right into the environment as if it has been there since the beginning.

The Life-Changing Benefits of Water Fountains

Having a fountain around can enhance your everyday life as the soothing sound of the water provides a sense of tranquility, and the movement of the water serves to clean and moisten the air.

Both an indoor and an outdoor garden fountain will reward you in ways you might not even realize. People around the world flock to coastal cities and big bodies of water, most likely driven by the fact that our bodies have a high water content. Water is vital for life, and a water feature can provide the benefits of water in a simple and affordable way.

If you want to make your porch, patio, or back yard even more relaxing, think about purchasing an outdoor garden fountain. You might be pleased how your beautiful outdoor space can be even more appealing with one of the many outdoor water features on the market. If you have a screened porch, give some thought to installing one there, or if not, then on the external wall above your patio.

If you have a flower bed, think about installing a beautiful tiered model there to add a feeling of tranquility. The flow of the water in birdbath fountains, as compared to unmoving water, signifies that bacteria and algae will not accumulate in the water, making for healthier water for wild birds. The hypnotic sound of trickling water is the secret touch your garden area needs to become a haven of peace.

The Splendid Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain in Rome

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a treasure trove of pagan and Christian artifacts on the site of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a renowned marble sculpture situated at the entrance of the nearby basilica. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained mostly unknown. Due to the fact that the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to build a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. Work on the church's foundation began on on August 11, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medallions with the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown into the foundation.

Garden Water Features: Setup Tips

Two things many people forget about when planning the installation of a garden fountain is a suitable water source and an electrical outlet close by. The joy of owning one occasionally causes people to skip the technical aspects when setting it up for the first time. Most power cords are 12 feet long and call for a 120v outdoor socket, though an extension cord can always be added. A practical place to get water is vital since you will need to fill your fountain. Carrying large quantities of water requires strength so you do not want to have to haul it a long way. A nearby hose is helpful when time comes to fill the fountain. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be hooked up to an external water line and needs a skilled person to install it.


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