An Absolute Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Water Feature in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was not well known and situated far from sight making it hard to visit. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a drab and deserted part of the city. win732__78528.jpg It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to build a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. The job of laying down the church’s foundation began on August 17, 1717. Medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first rock.

How Feng Shui Make Your Garden into A Good Place to Think

Integrating feng shui design into your yard will help spread its energy into your home and your life.

Do not worry if your yard is considered too little for feng shui design, as size is relatively unimportant. It is terrific to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can always introduce feng shui design.

The same tools you employ to introduce feng shui design into your house can be used in the garden. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your house's bagua, so it is important to figure out your home’s first.

Before getting underway, make sure you comprehend the five elements of feng shui so that you can maximize their energy.

An example of this is that Earth is the feng shui element you should include in the northeast part of your garden because that section of your garden connects to the energy of personal growth and self-cultivation. The ideal addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

People thinking about including a water feature into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).

What You Will Require for an Outdoor Water Feature

A lot of people forget about the need for an electrical socket or water source close by when contemplating where to position their garden fountain. The thrill of owning one occasionally causes people to overlook the technical aspects when setting it up for the first time. Do not forget that an extension cord can be helpful if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the standard length of power cords. You will need to refill your fountain with water so make sure there is a source of water close by. Carrying large amounts of water requires strength so you do not want to have to haul it a long way. The easiest way to fill the fountain is with a nearby garden hose. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be attached to an external water line and requires a professional to install it.

The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The introduction of the Normans in the later half of the 11th century substantially altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But yet there was no time for home life, domestic architecture, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole region. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were often important stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their citizens devoted time and space to projects for offense and defense.

Tranquil pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is represented in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most unscathed sample we have. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. As a method of deterring assailants from tunneling underneath the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge cut into the form of crude battlements.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Begin?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Inhabitants of urban areas, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move down or shoot high into the air. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and honor the artist responsible for creating it. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains.

Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

Outdoor Fountains for Tight Spots

Since water causes a reflection, small spaces will appear bigger. Water features such as fountains benefit from the reflective attributes coming from dark materials. Use underwater lights, which come in many different shapes and colors, to show off your new feature at night. Eco-lights powered by sunlight can be used during the day whereas you can use lights to jazz up your backyard at night. Natural therapies use them because they emanate a soothing effect which helps to relieve stress as well as anxiety.

The greenery in your garden is the perfect place to situate your water feature.

Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to turn the central piece of your backyard. Water features make great add ons to both large gardens or little patios. The best way to perfect the atmosphere, position it in a good place and use the right accompaniments.


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