Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Waterwork Worth Seeing

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have stumbled upon an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The nearby basilica is mainly renowned for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. ft-252__60050.jpg When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was built in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. Due to the fact that the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to design a water fountain for the area. Work on the church's foundation commenced on on August 11, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medals bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also tossed in.

Anglo Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxons felt great changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the general populace. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently immense stone buildings set in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their inhabitants dedicated time and space to projects for offense and defense. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the quiet avocation of farming. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to attackers trying to dig under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

The Perfect Multi-Level Water Element for your Garden

Fountains with more than one tier are very easy to find, and typical especially in gardens. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain generally have many tiered fountains. Piazzas and building courtyards are very common places where you will see tiered fountains. Tiered fountains come in a wide array of designs, from elaborately carved styles to relatively simple types.

Any area can be enhanced with one, although a more conventional setting is sometimes more appropriate. If done right, anyone seeing the fountain will think it has been there for a long time.

Modern Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Beginnings

The dramatic or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to delivering drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. To replicate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Urban fountains built at the end of the 19th century functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the essential drinking water. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains decorate public areas and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Wide Array of Outdoor Wall Water Fountains

A small patio or a courtyard is a great spot to put your wall fountain when you need peace and quiet. You can have one custom-built to fit your requirements even if you have a small amount of space. Both the stand alone and fitted versions must have a spout, a water basin, internal tubing, and a pump. There are many different styles available on the market including traditional, contemporary, classical, or Asian.

Also referred to as a floor fountain, a stand-alone wall fountain is normally rather large, and its basin is placed on the ground.

A stand-alone fountain can either be incorporated onto a wall already in existence or built into a wall under construction. The look of your landscape will seem more cohesive instead of disjointed when you put in this style of fountain.

Contained Water Fountains: Are They Practical?

Given that self-contained fountains are both low-cost and easy to install, they are very popular. All of the pieces are included with the fountain even the plumbing and pump. Fountains that have their own water source are also known as “self-contained”.

Since they do not require much work to install, self-contained fountains are ideal for patios and porches. They are easily transportable too in case you later want to move it somewhere else.

Once you determine where you want to install your fountain, your landscaper should verify that it is not too bumpy or uneven. Any lumps can quickly be leveled by your landscaper. You are now set to install your water feature and fill it with water. The only thing still to do is to connect it to a power source such as batteries, a wall socket, or a solar panel, and it will be set to go.

If you need a fountain that will not require an outside water source or additional plumbing, a self-contained fountain is best. Many people place them in the center of the garden, but they can really go anywhere. There is a variety of materials that can be used to craft them including cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.


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